You can find a more recent version here. I have no quarrel with the claim that some forms of corruption arise when officials are given sole power to make consequential decisions without adequate oversight or control. Such reforms would include: greater decentralization within the bureaucracy so that multiple officials can make similar decisions, such as permitting decisions ; various forms of federalism or political decentralization so individuals or firms can shop for the most attractive jurisdiction ; and privatization or outsourcing, so that goods or services that might otherwise be supplied by government monopolies are supplied on the competitive market. Without going into details here though I may in a future post, especially if readers are interested , this research does not conclude that replacing monopolies with competition always lowers competition.
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Read preview Synopsis Corruption is increasingly recognized as a preeminent problem in the developing world. Bribery, extortion, fraud, kickbacks, and collusion have resulted in retarded economies, predator elites, and political instability. In this lively and absorbing book, Robert Klitgaard provides a framework for designing anti-corruption policies, and describes through five case studies how courageous policymakers were able to control corruption. Excerpt The first thing that needs to be said is that corruption is a sensitive subject.
In my experience with policymakers and students from many countries, the topic tends to evoke a particular pattern of reactions. First there is evasion. Then excuses. And finally, with luck, useful analysis. You encounter almost a reflex.
You have it in America, in Japan, not just here in X. Next you hear that nothing should be done about corruption. This reaction has been prevalent among social scientists. Some social scientists aver that bribes cannot be distinguished from. Full access to this book and over 94, more Over 14 million journal, magazine, and newspaper articles Access to powerful writing and research tools Book details.
Klitgaard’s Misleading “Corruption Formula”