Ararn Diciembre 4 de Me refiero al Prof. Terzaghi, a quien el Dr. Para mi fortuna el Dr. Terzaghi y el Dr. He was also active in the field of Coastal Engineering studying wave action on the coastline and hydraulics of marginal lagoons. He has authored a procedure for the construction of hanging buildings with the a in of eliminating columns in the facade lepnardo buildings, therefore achieving more architectural flexibility in the ground floor of such constructions.
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However, skyscrapers may have first appeared in Mexico City between and This building was surpassed by the Edificio Miguel E. Abed , which, in turn, was surpassed by the Latinoamericana Tower. The Latinoamericana Tower opened its doors on April 30, The Torre Latinoamericana was built on the place which was formerly occupied by the animal house, some kind of zoo of the Tlatoani Mexica Moctezuma II.
After the conquest, there was built Convent of San Francisco. Later, the monastery was disbanded and most of its property confiscated. The building took its name from this company as it began to be built during the postwar boom of the late s, which lasted until the early s. At the time of its construction, the insurance company was controlled by the Mexican tycoon Miguel S.
Originally the insurance company occupied a smaller building at the same location. In it temporarily relocated to a nearby office while the tower was built. At the time of its completion the Torre Latinoamericana was the 45th tallest building in the world.
It was also the tallest building in Latin America, and the fourth in height in the world outside New York. Its public observation deck on the 44th floor is the highest in Mexico City.
Nathan M. Newmark was the main consultant. Before construction, both engineers carried out a number of soil mechanics studies in the construction site, and designed the structure accordingly. Today this is common and even mandatory practice, but at the time it was quite an innovation. The tower gained notoriety when it withstood the magnitude 7.
However, an even greater test came, by far, with the magnitude 8. The Torre Latinoamericana withstood this force without problems, and has thus become a symbol of safety in Mexico City. Today the tower is considered one of the safest buildings in the city despite its potentially dangerous location. There is a legend that on the day of the earthquake, Dr. Leonardo Zeevaert was inspecting something or other on the roof of the tower, and that he got to see and feel how his tower withstood the quake while the surrounding buildings collapsed.
The truth is that during the September, earthquake, which took place at , Adolfo Zeevaert was already inside his office on the 25th floor. From that vantage point he was able to witness the destruction taking place while several buildings collapsed and the dust cloud that followed, all the while feeling the movement inside the tower. It could arguably be said that it was the first time that a builder and designer of a tall building witnessed firsthand its behavior during a powerful earthquake.
Current use[ edit ] Observation deck The tower is now co-owned by its original builder La Latinoamericana, Seguros, Inmobiliaria Torre Latinoamericana, a real estate firm. In seven of the 44 floors were purchased by Telcel and Banco Inbursa, both firms controlled by Mexican businessman Carlos Slim.
In , the tower celebrated its 50th anniversary. A ceremony was held on April 30, , which included the reopening of the newly remodeled 37th to 44th floors, a site museum, and a fully remodeled Mirador, or observation deck, designed by Danish-born architect Palle Seiersen Frost. Also on that occasion were unveiled some recognitions granted by several architectural, engineering and communications institutions.
Trivia[ edit ] The building features in a photograph by Mexican photographer Enrique Metinides when a suicidal man climbed out on to the ledge of the 27th floor in A Red Cross worker managed to prevent his death. The tower is seen in Spectre after James Bond hijacks a helicopter by killing a hired assassin and the pilot.
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