Top Questions Why is Leo Tolstoy significant? Oscillating between skepticism and dogmatism, he explored the most diverse approaches to human experience. His works have been praised as pieces of life, not pieces of art. Leo Tolstoy was born in , the scion of aristocrats. His mother died before he was two years old, and his father passed away in
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||10 February 2010|
|PDF File Size:||6.85 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.72 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Top Questions Why is Leo Tolstoy significant? Oscillating between skepticism and dogmatism, he explored the most diverse approaches to human experience.
His works have been praised as pieces of life, not pieces of art. Leo Tolstoy was born in , the scion of aristocrats.
His mother died before he was two years old, and his father passed away in After two other guardians died, Tolstoy lived with an aunt in Kazan, Russia. According to Tolstoy, his cousin Tatyana Aleksandrovna Yergolskaya had the greatest influence on his childhood. How did Leo Tolstoy die? Despite his stealth, the press began reporting on his movements. He soon contracted pneumonia and died of heart failure at a railroad station in Astapovo, Russia.
He was Leo Tolstoy is known primarily for having written the masterpieces War and Peace —69 and Anna Karenina —77 , which are commonly regarded as among the finest novels ever written. Exemplars of realistic fiction, they vividly embody a vision of human experience rooted in an appreciation of everyday life and prosaic virtues. Tolstoy is best known for his two longest works, War and Peace —69 and Anna Karenina —77 , which are commonly regarded as among the finest novels ever written.
War and Peace in particular seems virtually to define this form for many readers and critics. Especially during his last three decades Tolstoy also achieved world renown as a moral and religious teacher.
His doctrine of nonresistance to evil had an important influence on Gandhi. Most readers will agree with the assessment of the 19th-century British poet and critic Matthew Arnold that a novel by Tolstoy is not a work of art but a piece of life; the Russian author Isaak Babel commented that, if the world could write by itself, it would write like Tolstoy. Most have stressed his ability to observe the smallest changes of consciousness and to record the slightest movements of the body.
What another novelist would describe as a single act of consciousness, Tolstoy convincingly breaks down into a series of infinitesimally small steps.
It was commonplace to describe him as godlike in his powers and titanic in his struggles to escape the limitations of the human condition. Early years The scion of prominent aristocrats, Tolstoy was born at the family estate, about miles kilometres south of Moscow , where he was to live the better part of his life and write his most-important works.
His grandmother died 11 months later, and then his next guardian, his aunt Aleksandra, in Tolstoy and his four siblings were then transferred to the care of another aunt in Kazan, in western Russia. Despite the constant presence of death, Tolstoy remembered his childhood in idyllic terms. His first published work, Detstvo ; Childhood , was a fictionalized and nostalgic account of his early years. Subscribe today Educated at home by tutors, Tolstoy enrolled in the University of Kazan in as a student of Oriental languages.
Interested in literature and ethics , he was drawn to the works of the English novelists Laurence Sterne and Charles Dickens and, especially, to the writings of the French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau ; in place of a cross, he wore a medallion with a portrait of Rousseau. But he spent most of his time trying to be comme il faut socially correct , drinking, gambling, and engaging in debauchery.
After leaving the university in without a degree, Tolstoy returned to Yasnaya Polyana, where he planned to educate himself, to manage his estate, and to improve the lot of his serfs.
Despite frequent resolutions to change his ways, he continued his loose life during stays in Tula, Moscow, and St. In he joined his older brother Nikolay, an army officer, in the Caucasus and then entered the army himself. He took part in campaigns against the native peoples and, soon after, in the Crimean War — In Tolstoy began keeping a diary, which became his laboratory for experiments in self-analysis and, later, for his fiction.
With some interruptions, Tolstoy kept his diaries throughout his life, and he is therefore one of the most copiously documented writers who ever lived.
Reflecting the life he was leading, his first diary begins by confiding that he may have contracted a venereal disease. The early diaries record a fascination with rule-making, as Tolstoy composed rules for diverse aspects of social and moral behaviour.
The Story of a Horse by Leo Tolstoy Higher and higher receded the sky, wider and wider spread the streak of dawn, whiter grew the pallid silver of the dew, more lifeless the sickle of the moon, and more vocal the forest. Plenty of time! The keeper, Nester, wore a short Cossack coat with an ornamental leather girdle, had a whip slung over his shoulder, and a hunk of bread wrapped in a cloth stuck in his girdle. He carried a saddle and bridle in his arms.
Count Lev Lvovich Tolstoy — , writer and sculptor Countess Maria Lvovna Tolstaya — , wife of Nikolai Leonidovich Obolensky Count Peter Lvovich Tolstoy — , died in infancy Count Nikolai Lvovich Tolstoy — , died in infancy Countess Varvara Lvovna Tolstaya — , died in infancy Count Andrei Lvovich Tolstoy — , served in the Russo-Japanese War Count Michael Lvovich Tolstoy — Count Alexei Lvovich Tolstoy — Countess Alexandra Lvovna Tolstaya — Count Ivan Lvovich Tolstoy — The marriage was marked from the outset by sexual passion and emotional insensitivity when Tolstoy, on the eve of their marriage, gave her his diaries detailing his extensive sexual past and the fact that one of the serfs on his estate had borne him a son. Sonya was copying and hand-writing his epic works time after time. Tolstoy would continue editing War and Peace and had to have clean final drafts to be delivered to the publisher. Wilson as one of the unhappiest in literary history. This saw him seeking to reject his inherited and earned wealth, including the renunciation of the copyrights on his earlier works. They retain their relevance as accounts of the universal story of growing up.
Shelves: russian The one criticism of Tolstoy is that he was never able to write from a peasants point of view. All of his characters came from his own life experiences and when he did attempt to write a well rounded peasant character he never seemed able to really make them come alive on the page. This is telling not just of Tolstoy but of all Russian society of his time. There was a sharp divide between those who have and those who have not, those who own land and those who work the land, those who give orders The one criticism of Tolstoy is that he was never able to write from a peasants point of view. There was a sharp divide between those who have and those who have not, those who own land and those who work the land, those who give orders and those who follow.
One good example of this can be found in his work Kholstomer: The Story of a Horse. The story is narrated and seen from the point of view of Serphukovsky, a horse. In life people are guided by words, not by deeds This trauma or groping about begins with an experience outside our comfort zone, a separation from the world we know, a shock to our system and way of life. The concept of ownership, of owning land, animals and even people is not new to our daily life. Nobody questions it because that is just the way it is.