But perhaps the most useful and widely accepted definition of stress mainly attributed to Richard S. Lazarus is this: stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that "demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize. For example, starting a new job might be a wholly exciting experience if everything else in your life is stable and positive. How much of this does it take to push you "over the edge?
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Patients ranked a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. More events mean a higher score. The higher the score, and the larger the weight of each event, the more likely the patient would become ill.
Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. This scale seems to suggest that change in life requires an effort to adapt and then an effort to regain stability. Items Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects.
Although the scale is well researched, the values are only a rough approximation at best [ 1 , 3 ]. Each loosely worded category can have a wide range of possible interpretations. The scale was also assessed against different populations within the USA African, Mexican and white American groups [ 6 ] and cross-culturally, comparing Japanese [ 7 ] and Malaysian [ 8 ] with American populations.
Malaysians exhibited different attitudes implying different stress at the same score. This suggests weakness of the SRRS in certain areas, with different cultural group reactions to different life events. Conclusion The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect.
Most people experience major life events infrequently hence a better measure might look at the stresses and strains of daily life [ 10 ].
Source The questionnaire is free to use and downloadable [ 1 ].
Stress and Life Events
Patients ranked a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. More events mean a higher score. The higher the score, and the larger the weight of each event, the more likely the patient would become ill. Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. This scale seems to suggest that change in life requires an effort to adapt and then an effort to regain stability.
Holmes and Rahe stress scale
Each one of the 43 stressful life events was awarded a Life Change Unit depending on how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants. A total value for stressful life events can be worked out by adding up the scores for each event experienced over a 12 month period. Procedure: 2, male American sailors were given the SRRS to assess how many life events they had experienced in the previous 6 months. The total score on the SRRS was recorded for each participant.
The Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale