Er musste mehrfach operiert werden und erhielt eine Tapferkeitsmedaille. Er beendete begonnene Werke, z. Im Juni wurde er reaktiviert, konnte aber in Paris bleiben, wo er Dienst in der Zensurabteilung des Kriegsministeriums tat. In seinem Nachlass fanden sich zahlreiche Gedichte und Prosa-Fragmente, die in den folgenden Jahren gedruckt wurden und seine Position in der Literaturgeschichte festigten. Der Preis gilt als einer der wichtigsten Literaturpreise Frankreichs und ist mit einem Geldbetrag zwischen 1.
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His maternal grandfather was a general in the Russian Imperial Army who was killed in the Crimean War. Apollinaire eventually moved from Rome to Paris  and became one of the most popular members of the artistic community of Paris both in Montmartre and Montparnasse.
He became romantically involved with Marie Laurencin , who is often identified as his muse. Apollinaire implicated his friend Picasso, who was also brought in for questioning in the theft of the Mona Lisa, but he was also exonerated. According to Apollinaire Orphism represented a move towards a completely new art-form, much as music was to literature. The poet Arthur Rimbaud wanted to be a visionary, to perceive the hidden side of things within the realm of another reality.
In continuity with Rimbaud, Apollinaire went in search of a hidden and mysterious reality. Works[ edit ] In he wrote his first novel Mirely, ou le petit trou pas cher pornographic , which was eventually lost.
The poems, influenced in part by the Symbolists , juxtapose the old and the new, combining traditional poetic forms with modern imagery.
He also coined the term orphism to describe a tendency towards absolute abstraction in the paintings of Robert Delaunay and others. Apollinaire never publicly acknowledged authorship of the novel. In his youth Apollinaire lived for a short while in Belgium , mastering the Walloon dialect sufficiently to write poetry, some of which has survived.