FRAZER TOTEMISM AND EXOGAMY PDF

Learn how and when to remove this template message Cultural exogamy is the custom of marrying outside a specified group of people to which a person belongs. Thus, persons may be expected to marry outside their totem clan s or other groups, in addition to outside closer blood relatives. Researchers have proposed different theories to account for the origin of exogamy. Edvard Westermarck said an aversion to marriage between blood relatives or near kin emerged with a parental deterrence of incest.

Author:Mutaur Kigalkree
Country:Kenya
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Literature
Published (Last):7 October 2010
Pages:196
PDF File Size:15.24 Mb
ePub File Size:3.24 Mb
ISBN:614-6-78999-380-4
Downloads:67417
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Faugrel



Learn how and when to remove this template message Cultural exogamy is the custom of marrying outside a specified group of people to which a person belongs. Thus, persons may be expected to marry outside their totem clan s or other groups, in addition to outside closer blood relatives. Researchers have proposed different theories to account for the origin of exogamy. Edvard Westermarck said an aversion to marriage between blood relatives or near kin emerged with a parental deterrence of incest.

From a genetic point of view, aversion to breeding with close relatives results in fewer congenital diseases. If one person has a faulty gene, breeding outside his group increases the chances that his partner will have another functional type gene and their child may not suffer the defect. Outbreeding favours the condition of heterozygosity , that is having two nonidentical copies of a given gene. McLennan [4] holds that exogamy was due originally to a scarcity of women among small bands.

Men were obliged to seek wives from other groups, including marriage by capture, and exogamy developed as a cultural custom. He said that a people had religious respect for the blood of a totemic clan, for the clan totem is a god and is present especially in the blood, a sacred substance.

Morgan [6] maintains that exogamy was introduced to prevent marriage between blood relations, especially between brother and sister, which had been common in an earlier state of promiscuity.

Frazer [7] says that exogamy was begun to maintain the survival of family groups, especially when single families became larger political groups. According to this theory, groups that engaged in exogamy would flourish, while those that did not would all die, either literally or because they lacked sufficient ties for cultural and economic exchange, leaving them at a disadvantage. The exchange of men or women served as a uniting force between groups. Dual exogamy Edit Dual exogamy is a traditional form of arranging marriages in numerous modern societies and in many societies described in classical literature.

It can be matrilineal or patrilineal. In tribal societies, the dual exogamy union lasted for many generations, ultimately uniting the groups initially unrelated by blood or language into a single tribe or nation.

Linguistic exogamy Edit Linguistic exogamy is a form of cultural exogamy in which marriage occurs only between speakers of different languages. The custom is common among indigenous groups in the northwest Amazon , such as the Tucano tribes.

JAVASCRIPT WEB APPLICATIONS ALEX MACCAW PDF

Totemism and Exogamy

Exploring the interconnections between myth and ritual in how and whom we may marry-as group marriage gave way to individual marriage-questions about religion and social structure became intertwined. James George Frazer was a British social anthropologist, folklorist, and classical scholar who taught for most of his life at Trinity College, Cambridge. Totem defined 3 etymology totemlsm the word 3 totem distinguished from fetish. This classic four-volume series-from a pioneering ethnographer, first published in remains a foundational work of comparative mythology and religion for scholars and armchair anthropologists alike.

LENSWORK CANON PDF

Totemism and exogamy, a treatise on certain early forms of superstition and society

From an academy in Helensburgh, Dumbarton, Frazer went to Glasgow University , entered Trinity College, Cambridge , and became a fellow In he was appointed professor of social anthropology at Liverpool, but he returned to Cambridge after one session, remaining there for the rest of his life. His outstanding position among anthropologists was established by the publication in of The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion enlarged to 12 vol. Aftermath, His distinction between magic and religion magic as an attempt to control events by technical acts based upon faulty reasoning, religion as an appeal for help to spiritual beings has been basically assumed in much anthropological writing since his time. According to Frazer, the institution of divine kingship derived from the belief that the well-being of the social and natural orders depended upon the vitality of the king, who must therefore be slain when his powers begin to fail him and be replaced by a vigorous successor.

APOSITOS BIOLOGICOS EN QUEMADURAS PDF

FRAZER TOTEMISM AND EXOGAMY PDF

Learn how and when to remove this template message Cultural exogamy is the custom of marrying outside a specified group of people to which a person belongs. Thus, persons may be expected to marry outside their totem clan s or other groups, in addition to outside closer blood relatives. Researchers have proposed different theories to account for the origin of exogamy. Edvard Westermarck said an aversion to marriage between blood relatives or near kin emerged with a parental deterrence of incest. From a genetic point of view, aversion to breeding with close relatives results in fewer congenital diseases.

COURS GMSK PDF

Totemism and Exogamy

See also: Australian Aboriginal kinship and Dreaming Australian Aboriginal art The spiritual, mutual relationships between Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders and the natural world are often described as totems. James George Frazer in Totemism and Exogamy wrote that Aboriginal people "have no idea of procreation as being directly associated with sexual intercourse, and firmly believe that children can be born without this taking place". The totem is usually an animal or other natural figure that spiritually represents a group of related people such as a clan. Rivers identified totemism as a shared practice across indigenous groups in unconnected parts of the world, typically reflecting a stage of human development. Through nature myths, animals and natural objects were considered as the relatives, patrons, or ancestors of the respective social units. Goldenweiser compared Indigenous Australians and First Nations in British Columbia to show that the supposedly shared qualities of totemism - exogamy, naming, descent from the totem, taboo, ceremony, reincarnation, guardian spirits and secret societies and art - were actually expressed very differently between Australia and British Columbia, and between different peoples in Australia and between different peoples in British Columbia.

Related Articles