Median rhomboid glossitis Geographic tongue benign migratory glossitis Glossitis could be classified as a group of tongue diseases or gastrointestinal diseases. Candidiasis may be a concurrent finding or an alternative cause of erythema, burning, and atrophy. Median rhomboid glossitis[ edit ] Main article: Median rhomboid glossitis This condition is characterized by a persistent erythematous, rhomboidal depapillated lesion in the central area of the dorsum of the tongue, just in front of the circumvallate papillae. It is treated with antifungal medication. Predisposing factors include use of corticosteroid sprays or inhalers or immunosuppression.
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What is glossitis? Glossitis refers to inflammation of the tongue. The condition causes the tongue to swell in size, change in color, and develop a different appearance on the surface. The tongue is the small, muscular organ in the mouth that helps you chew and swallow food. It also helps with your speech. Glossitis may cause the small bumps on the surface of the tongue papillae to disappear. The papillae contain thousands of tiny sensors called taste buds and play a role in how you eat. Severe tongue inflammation that results in swelling and redness can cause pain and may change the way you eat or speak.
There are different types of glossitis, which include: Acute glossitis Acute glossitis is an inflammation of the tongue that appears suddenly and often has severe symptoms. This type of glossitis typically develops during an allergic reaction. Chronic glossitis Chronic glossitis is an inflammation of the tongue that continues to recur. This type may begin as a symptom of another health condition.
Atrophic glossitis Atrophic glossitis, also known as Hunter glossitis, occurs when many papillae are lost. This type of glossitis typically gives the tongue a glossy appearance. A few factors can cause inflammation of the tongue, including: Allergic reactions Allergic reactions to medications, food, and other potential irritants may aggravate the papillae and the muscle tissues of the tongue.
Irritants include toothpaste and certain types of medications that treat high blood pressure. Herpes simplex , a virus that causes cold sores and blisters around the mouth, may contribute to swelling and pain in the tongue. Low iron levels Not enough iron in the blood can trigger glossitis. Iron regulates cell growth by helping your body make red blood cells, which carry oxygen to your organs, tissues, and muscles.
Low levels of iron in the blood may result in low levels of myoglobin. Mouth trauma Trauma caused by injuries to the mouth can affect the condition of your tongue. Inflammation may occur because of cuts and burns on the tongue or dental appliances like braces placed on your teeth. You may be at risk for tongue inflammation if you: have a mouth injury wear braces or dentures that irritate your tongue have herpes.
Tongue Discoloration and Other Changes
Kir Oral mucosal lesion may be associated with psoriasis, but it is not clear if these can be considered pathognomonic of this systemic disease [ ]. Central autonomic dysfunction with defective lacrimation; report of depapillatoin cases. Atrophic Glossitis Reamy et al. Many local conditions, such as median rhomboid glossitis, of glossite migrans, mediated by infective and idiopathic etiological factors, as well as neoplastic or congenital factors, can complicate the diagnosis.
Everything You Need to Know About Glossitis
What is glossitis? Glossitis refers to inflammation of the tongue. The condition causes the tongue to swell in size, change in color, and develop a different appearance on the surface. The tongue is the small, muscular organ in the mouth that helps you chew and swallow food. It also helps with your speech. Glossitis may cause the small bumps on the surface of the tongue papillae to disappear.
Structure[ edit ] In living subjects, lingual papillae are more readily seen when the tongue is dry. Filiform papillae are the most numerous of the lingual papillae. They are responsible for giving the tongue its texture and are responsible for the sensation of touch. Unlike the other kinds of papillae, filiform papillae do not contain taste buds. At the tip of the tongue, these rows become more transverse. These papillae have a whitish tint, owing to the thickness and density of their epithelium. This epithelium has undergone a peculiar modification as the cells have become cone—like and elongated into dense, overlapping, brush-like threads.
Recognizing tongue conditions