CODIGO PENAL ANGOLANO PDF

This is due to the long period of occupation by independent African tribes followed by the influence of Christianity brought to the region by the Portuguese Empire. Pre-colonial attitudes among tribes[ edit ] In the s, a German anthropologist named Kurt Falk published his research on African tribes, which included some acceptance of homosexuality and bisexuality. Ovimbundu men who behave, act and dress as women are known as chibadi or chibanda, and historically would marry other men. Similar individuals exist in neighbouring ethnic groups; they are known as kimbanda among the Ambundu , quimbanda among the Kongo and jimbandaa among the Lovale people.

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This is due to the long period of occupation by independent African tribes followed by the influence of Christianity brought to the region by the Portuguese Empire. Pre-colonial attitudes among tribes[ edit ] In the s, a German anthropologist named Kurt Falk published his research on African tribes, which included some acceptance of homosexuality and bisexuality.

Ovimbundu men who behave, act and dress as women are known as chibadi or chibanda, and historically would marry other men. Similar individuals exist in neighbouring ethnic groups; they are known as kimbanda among the Ambundu , quimbanda among the Kongo and jimbandaa among the Lovale people. Same-sex sexual acts were regarded as having medical effects in these societies. Indeed, such acts were viewed as a remedy for impotence, to improve soil fertility or as a transfer of knowledge.

Sexual practices between men were also part of initiation rituals. Anal intercourse and sexual relations between women also occurred, though more rarely. It was eventually decriminalized in , but was re-criminalized in with Articles 70 and 71 of the Penal Code of that contained a vaguely worded prohibition against public immorality and acts considered "against nature".

Legalisation[ edit ] In February , the Angolan Parliament preliminarily approved a draft of a new penal code in a unanimous —0 vote with 36 abstentions. The new Penal Code does not contain provisions outlawing same-sex sexual activity in private.

On 18 May , the Parliament approved the draft in a second vote by a —3 vote with six abstentions. For instance, article bans threats against someone or a group of people on account of their sexual orientation, among others, with 1-year imprisonment and a fine.

The punishment for death threats is doubled. Article lists persecution on the basis of sexual orientation as a crime against humanity, on par with slavery, wilful manslaughter, genocide, rape, forced mutilation and others. The new Constitution of does make some general provisions concerning human rights, freedom, equality and tolerance that may apply to all citizens, irrespective of sexual orientation or gender identity. For example, the Constitution stipulates that the State will work to secure equal rights and opportunities for all citizens, irrespective of, among other things, "any other form of discrimination".

Named the "best kuduro artist of ", she has performed at various music festivals around the world. However, she still suffers frequent harassment in Angola, most of which are carried out based on religion. However, section 87 gives the Civil Registrar general authority to make changes, including changes of name and when there is a change of facts which alter the legal identity and status of the person. Transgender people could possibly use this section to change their legal gender.

These values and mores do shape public policy. Some LGBT people in Angola have reported being harassed by people who believe that they are immoral, and the Angola Government allegedly refused to accept the Israeli ambassador because he was gay. Yet, signs of more liberal attitudes do exist. On the rare occasion that politicians and other government officials have dealt with LGBT people or rights, their policies have reflected prevailing attitudes.

In , the Angolan Government refused to receive openly gay Isi Yanouka as the new Israeli ambassador, allegedly due to his sexual orientation. One of these groups, Iris Angola, received official and legal recognition by the Angolan Justice Ministry in June At the time, Iris Angola had about members.

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