The foco can then increase and manipulate the discontent, leading to a general revolt against the government. The best place to begin the fight is from rural areas and then expand upon gaining strength. Fidel Castro publicly committed himself to this new international revolutionary movement and subsequently created the Latin American Solidarity Organization OLAS to control and coordinate revolutionary activities in the Western Hemisphere, with Cuba in a leadership role. Within this new framework, Che Guevara was given a major role in coordinating a revolutionary act in South America.
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The foco can then increase and manipulate the discontent, leading to a general revolt against the government. The best place to begin the fight is from rural areas and then expand upon gaining strength.
Fidel Castro publicly committed himself to this new international revolutionary movement and subsequently created the Latin American Solidarity Organization OLAS to control and coordinate revolutionary activities in the Western Hemisphere, with Cuba in a leadership role.
Within this new framework, Che Guevara was given a major role in coordinating a revolutionary act in South America. Following his failure in the Congo, Che needed time to recover. Che firmly believed that the only way to break free of imperialist oppression was to involve the United States. Multiple simultaneous uprisings in Latin America would lead to the final defeat of the ultimate enemy, the United States.
The Cuba Revolution will today have the job of. Che considered several countries, particularly Peru and his native Argentina. However, Bolivia seemed to be the best candidate, based on Cuban intelligence reports and his personal experiences. As a young man traveling through Latin America, Che stopped in Bolivia in , the year after the Bolivian Revolution and was impressed by the move toward radical social reforms. Since then he became convinced that politicians, generals, and the United States had corrupted the Bolivian Revolution.
They reinforced his earlier analysis during visits to Cuba in and again in First, the foco would be established with Cuban leadership and military support. Second, after organizing his foco, building base camps and a logistical cache, and training guerrillas would begin. As the guerrillas became more effective, the Bolivian army had to disperse to protect towns and infrastructure.
This strategy made the Army even more vulnerable to attacks. As this Cuban-led revolutionary vanguard grew in strength it would gain more support from the campesinos, farmers, and miners. Victories would demonstrate their ability to defeat the army and improve their legitimacy. Once the guerrillas isolated or controlled these cities, they effectively split the country.
Part of the strategy would be to sever the railroad line to Argentina and the major oil pipeline between Santa Cruz and Camiri, further isolating the country. As the guerrilla movement gained strength and momentum, Che was convinced that the United States would send military advisors as they did in the Republic of Vietnam.
Conventional units would follow the advisors. Che hoped to increase U. Marines will intervene, and imperialism will unleash all its deadly power. Then our struggle will become identical with the one being waged by the Vietnamese people.
Once the Bolivian guerrilla vanguard was firmly established, it would train and support other revolutionary movements focos in Peru, Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. The Peruvian foco was scheduled for the end of Eventually Che predicted that the Bolivian foco would defeat the government and, like Cuba, establish a revolutionary government.
The focos still needed support, and Bolivia would become a sanctuary for the various groups. The nucleus was the Cuban revolutionary fighters. The ELNB had to plan and build a large support network. Cuba provided the monetary and weapons support for the ELNB.
Behind the scenes was a network of agents collecting intelligence and providing logistics assistance, some of whom had been in place for years. The majority of the clandestine support apparatus was built around Cuban agents coordinating with the Bolivian Communist Party in La Paz.
Tania subsequently traveled to Cuba where she became active in the Cuban revolutionary movement and was recruited and trained as an agent for the Bolivia mission. In her cover as a researcher of indigenous folk music and as a German tutor for wealthy children, she began collecting strategic and tactical information. The Debray family was wealthy and well connected and enjoyed a high position in French society.
His father was a prominent lawyer and his mother served on the Paris city council. He had obtained a position as a professor of philosophy at the University of Havana. Map by Daniel Telles. On a small farm in Mexico he had started training for their invasion of Cuba. In Bolivia, the isolated farm would be the birthplace of the new foco.
This photo was probably taken in camp in late March Many had two or more nicknames. It is not known if this was a security move to disguise the names or to conceal the number of guerrillas.
The Bolivian Diary of Ernesto Che Guevara
Professor of History and Literature Ph. He also served in the government of Cuba after the communist takeover before leaving Cuba to try to stir up rebellions in Africa and South America. He was captured and executed by Bolivian security forces in Today, he is considered by many to be a symbol of rebellion and idealism, while others see him as a murderer. His family was somewhat aristocratic and could trace their lineage to the early days of Argentine settlement. The family moved around a great deal while Ernesto was young. He developed severe asthma early in life; the attacks were so bad that witnesses were occasionally scared for his life.
The Bolivian Diary Quotes
I can only dream to have an ounce of the passion he had in the face of injustice and oppression. A few bits that stood out while reading.. There at my feet, was a backpack full of medicine and a box of ammunition. They were too heavy to carry both. I picked up the ammunition, leaving the medicine and started to cross the clearing, heading to the cane field. I only know that for me, those consultations with the peasants of the Sierra Maestra converted my spontaneous and somewhat lyrical resolve into a different, more severe force. Blind and unrewarded sacrifices also made the revolution.