Due to the several different cultures and races which inhabit the Middle East today, pan-Islamists believe that only Islam can provide a strong and long-lasting union between peoples, since they only share Islam in common. Turkish business opportunities for Brotherhood officials, as well as alleged funding and supplies of arms have been documented and have come to light primarily after the arrest of a Turkish intelligence officer, Irshad Hoz, in Egypt. The first is the indivisibility of security, the second is dialogue, the third is economic interdependence and the fourth is cultural harmony and mutual respect. He claimed that the goal of his policy was to integrate different nations and develop cultural understanding between different faiths and races, as well as maintaining co-operative relations and peaceful dialogue in order to solve crises when they arise. They also agreed that these events should be studied by both Turkish, Armenian , and foreign historians. Nevertheless, they did not recognize the Armenian Genocide.
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Ahmet Davutoglu, has found a place somewhere between the first and second categories. In other words, while the shifts in the Turkish strategic thought cannot be understood without reading Prof. However, this geostrategic stance was highly status quo-oriented and static in nature.
Within this context, the surrounding regions of the Balkans, Middle East and Caucasus were perceived as sources of mounting threats and political-military instability. The concept was based on the framework of active deterrence. In essence, the second geostrategic approach was quite proactive, but it was still status quo-oriented in terms of grand strategy. However, the Stratejik Derinlik includes its own geopolitical and geostrategic reading which embraces normative idealism and focuses on identity debates.
In the Stratejik Derinlik, Prof. Clearly, through improving trade and interaction, and by focusing on historical-cultural ties among the Middle Eastern societies, the Stratejik Derinlik idealizes a post-nation state in historical Ottoman territory.
This identity-focused, romantic interpretation of geopolitics has brought about two main outcomes. First, Turkey started to pursue assertive strategies and softpower offensives toward the Islamic world and the historical Ottoman territories. However, the doctrine required a peaceful security environment to putting its imperial perspective into practice, as well as the sacrificing of the Israeli military partnership.
Without a doubt, the current militarization of international relations in the region hinders the capability of soft power and historical- cultural affinities. Clearly, in the contemporary Middle East, every single actor can be charmed by more robust security guarantees and shows of force, but definitely not by honorable ideals and golden-age nostalgia.
Turkey’s new ‘Strategic Depth’
Stratejik Derinlik | Ahmet Davutoğlu