Feudalism in the 14th century is perhaps one of the most intricate systems of societal, political, and economic life that has ever been experienced in Western Culture. When one thinks of the medieval age in Europe, one usually thinks about valiant knights, lords, and ladies. However, such romantic imaginations would be poor representations of what medieval life was really about. Cecilia was involved in the economic system known as manorialism. It is with regard to this system of life and economics that we consider three questions.
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Home Essays Cecilia Penifader: an She was not a princess nor was she of noble blood. She was, in fact, a peasant. While many people today would consider her poor and lowly just because of that title, she was actually rather successful in life and was one of the wealthier peasants of her time.
Cecilia did not leave behind any personal writings, as most medieval peasants were illiterate, but her life has since been pieced together through the use of the archives of Brigstock. They tell us that she functioned as the head of a household, that she faced gender bias because she was only a woman, and that she led a family-oriented lifestyle.
Cecilia went through life as a singlewoman, the term used by medieval peoples to describe women who never got married Bennett Because she never married, she was considered to be the head of her own household. She held many of the same rights that men had as heads of their households. She certainly had more freedom than her married sisters; a wife was completely dependent on her husband, who functioned as the head of the household Bennett As the head of her household, Cecilia could hold the title of an independent tenant of the manor.
She was able to accumulate several acres of land throughout her lifetime, and she could buy and sell it as she pleased. By the time of her death, she had acquired an extensive amount of land and other possessions. Cecilia also had the ability to manage her household as she saw fit. This meant that it was necessary for her to organize her household and lands effectively in order to survive a less than favorable economy, especially during the periods of the Great Famine and the Black Death.
Though Cecilia lacked a family to provide supportive labor to the household, she could usually Medieval England - daily life in medieval towns Towns. A new class emerged during the Middle Ages; the merchant. The growth of trade and the merchant middle class went hand in hand with the growth in towns. Town populations swelled during this period, particularly after the Black Death. Trade routes grew, though roads remained poor and dangerous, so most goods were transported by water.
Towns were built on trade, and the elite of towns were the merchants. Merchant guilds controlled town government, though they often clashed with craft guilds for power. Merchants needed stability for trade, so they supported the king and the establishment of a strong central government against the rule of individual nobles. The king, for his part, encouraged the growth of towns and trade. Town charters became a major source of royal revenue. Eventually the growth of towns and guilds led to the breakdown of the manor-centred feudal society.
Merchant Guilds. Guilds controlled the trade in a town. Merchant guilds regulated prices, quality, weights and measures, and business practices. The power of the guilds was absolute in their domain, and to be expelled from a guild made it impossible to earn a living. Each guild had a patron saint, celebrated religious festivals together, put on religious plays, and looked after the health and welfare of the members and their families.
Craft Guilds. Separate from the merchant guilds were the craft guilds, which
A Medieval Life
Home Essays Cecilia Penifader: an She was not a princess nor was she of noble blood. She was, in fact, a peasant. While many people today would consider her poor and lowly just because of that title, she was actually rather successful in life and was one of the wealthier peasants of her time. Cecilia did not leave behind any personal writings, as most medieval peasants were illiterate, but her life has since been pieced together through the use of the archives of Brigstock. They tell us that she functioned as the head of a household, that she faced gender bias because she was only a woman, and that she led a family-oriented lifestyle.
Cecilia Penifader: an Ordinary Peasant in Medieval Times
Bennett organizes these chapters topically rather than chronologically, illuminating in each one an aspect of medieval society and describing how Cecilia behaved or might have behaved in each context. Bennett then discusses the Great Famine of —, a time of transition for both Cecilia and England. Cecilia Penifader was born to Robert and Alice Penifader in the late thirteenth century in Brigstock, a manor in central England. She was the seventh of eight children, only two of whom died before reaching adulthood, an unusually high birthrate for the time.
Analysis of Bennett’s “A Medieval Life: Cecilia Penifader”
Dicage Three approaches penifaxer interpretation are considered: She has published extensively on the history of women, particularly women in the middle ages. Check out the top books of the year on our page Best Books of How did the life of Cecilia Penifader typify the life of a medieval peasant? View freely available titles: Thanks for telling us about the problem. That said, Bennett is always careful to distinguish between fact and inference, and provides a useful model to a beginner historian as to how to approach the past. Bennett : By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Visit our Beautiful Books page and find lovely books for kids, photography lovers and more.